German Pinscher in
|It's hard to find literature on the German Pinscher and also one does not meet a German Pinscher very often in real life. German Pinschers have a small population. Vets therefore seem to be immensily pleased to have one amongst their clients. How all this came about, you wonder? To answer this question properly, we need to go back in time...|
Origin and prevention of becoming extinct
|The German Pinscher is originally a German breed and is very old; there are pictures of German Pinschers ever since the middle ages. The first of the breed one finds in a book written in 1836 and here the breed is praised for it's good nature, strong constellation and lively character. The population of German Pinschers is nowadays still small, but periodically the breed has been threatened to die out: After World War I there were only a few German Pinschers left to keep the breed alive. But, after World War II the breed became slow, but sure, extinct in former West Germany. Cause of this was that German Pinscher- breeders did not get support from their club.||
Edmund v. Fliseck,
Werner Jung, supervisor of the Pinscher and Schnauzer club Germany ('Hauptzuchtwart'), could not stand that during his term of office, the German Pinscher would die out. So, in 1956, Werner Jung alarmed people on this matter and saw the need to prevent the German Pinscher becoming extinct. But, because nobody seemed to listen, Werner Jung started breeding German Pinschers, himself. His kennelname was 'v.d. Birkenheide' and it is mainly due to his great devotion that we still have this breed amongst us, these days.
|Kitti v. Bodestrand,
ancestor of modern breeding
Werner Jung went through a lot to get his hands on one of the few left German Pinschers in former East- Germany and imported the female Kitti v. Bodestrand to West Germany. This female can be seen as the 'birthmother' of all modern breeding. She was black and tan and derived from the old Pinscher breed; her grantparents came from the, at that time well known, kennels Walrabsburg en Sybillenburg and were offspring from Champions in the 1920's and 1930's. Besides Kitti, the male Fürst (red), the female Jutta (black and tan), the males Illo (black and tan) and Onzo (chocolate) were registered in 1957. Onzo brought the rare pure red into the breed, but like Fürst, Illo and Jutta, he actually was born out of Miniature Pinschers that were too large in withers (± 40 cm. in stead of 25-30 cm.). But, from sheer necessity, Werner Jung had to select these four originally Miniature Pinschers, to recreate the breed German Pinscher.
Rescue and (re)creation of the breed German Pinscher
In total, these five German
pinschers were 14 times used for breeding, in order to
lay a foundation
of 60 black and tan, tan coloured and red German Pinschers.
60 dogs, the best German Pinschers were selected to construct the
breed furthermore. Werner Jung created a profound build-up in a very short
on which other breeders too, could embroider.
The amount of German Pinscher breeders increased anually, so that within
500 Pinschers were bred. A number that till then, did not
ever occur in
the history of this
breed, in such a short period of time.
On the right: Kressi v.d. Birkenheide,
The first German Pinscher in the Netherlands
The first German Pinscher came to the Netherlands by accident. Mrs. Priems-v.d. Laak went to Sweden to get a Miniature Pinscher. At the same time, there also happened to be a litter of German Pinscher pups.
Priems-v.d. Laak was persuaded into taking
German Pinscher along with her to the Netherlands.
Pinscher pup was only six weeks old,
so special consent had to be given
by the Swedish authorities, in order to import the red female
the 20th of July 1968. On her pedigree
are thenames of the five Pinschers which
rescue the German Pinscher breed.
Desiree as a pup. Desiree, born in 1968.
|Mrs. Priem-v.d. Laak gave these pictures of Desiree to me, when I did research on the German Pinscher in the Netherlands in order to compose a book of reference. Mrs. Priem-v.d. Laak also put, next to several other pictures, the pedigrees of the first two German Pinschers in the Netherlands at my disposal, whereupon Kitti, Fürst, Jutta and Onzo are mentioned, whom lay the foundation of the breed. Then, in 1970, Agrett's Rakker, a black and tan male and a full brother to Desiree, was imported to the Netherlands. Mrs. Priem-v.d. Laak started breeding with these two dogs (kennel Petit Bonheur) and other German Pinschers were imported from Germany at the same time. This is how the breed came to our country and started to develop in the Netherlands. In the 1970's however, people in the Netherlands are not at all interested in the German Pinschers, so several German Pinschers did not even get registered for a pedigree.|
But shows were visited and titles were gained
every year, so, in the
end, the interest in the
German Pinscher increased a little. From that time
now, a lot of people began breeding German
but stopped after one or a few litters,
because of this lack of
interest. Some breeders however, showed great persistence and that's
why we can
still enjoy the German Pinscher's
existence to this day.
Trix Petit Bonheur, born in 1972.
Changes in the German Pinscher's features
|In the course of time the breeding standard for the German Pinscher has changed. This standard is defined in the home country Germany and is internationally prescribed by the F.C.I., the umbrella organization of international dog breeding. Earlier on the height of withers used to be 43 to 48 cm., but was changed into 45 till 50 cm.; measures that still are in force. Due to the eardocking prohibition, the German Pinscher's exterior altered dramatically. In the Netherlands this was prohibited by law early on; in 1989. At that time, Dutch German Pinschers had to compete with German Pinschers from other countries that not yet issued this prohibition. Later on, some other countries established this prohibition too, so the German Pinscher's exterior, according to the F.C.I. standard, should be the same all over the world again.||
Out of the first litter we bred, two pups
the red male Avenir de la Barque de l'esprit
was one of them.
in the breeding standard
The new F.C.I. breeding standard (established in the year 2000)
prohibits the docking
of tails as well. This is called 'naturbelassen'
('natural tail'). How the tail should be shown, however,
explicitly prescribed in this standard.